Cultural and Creative Industries

IFRRO final submission to the EC Green Paper on creative and cultural industries

Competiveness of Cultural and Creative Industries (CCI) depends on creating the right conditions for creativity and innovation to flourish. This requires a balanced copyright framework and the means to enforce creators' and publishers' rights
http://ifrro.org/issues_list/1386

EU Study shows that IPR industries provide "virtuous circle" in creation and maintenance of successful economy

European IPR-intensive industries generate more than a quarter of employment and more than a third of economic activity according to an Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) and the European Patent Office (EPO) study.
http://ifrro.org/content/eu-study-shows-ipr-industries-provide-%E2%80%9Cvirtuous-circle%E2%80%9D-creation-and-maintenance-successful-

EU study on Copyright awareness: More needs to be done to demonstrate value of IP to society

A study commissioned by the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM), through the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property has found that while a large majority of citizens support copyright in principle they feel that infringement is justified in particular circumstances.
http://ifrro.org/content/eu-study-copyright-awareness-more-needs-be-done-demonstrate-value-ip-society

Copyright is engine for diversity, creativity and innovation, says Commissioner Barnier

The Commission is looking for the optimum balance between the widest possible access, fair remuneration of creators, sufficient incentives to invest in creation and legal certainty for content distribution.
http://ifrro.org/content/copyright-engine-diversity-creativity-and-innovation-says-commissioner-barnier

 

 Contribution to Economy and Employment

Copyright + Creativity = Jobs and Economic Growth

A 2012 WIPO study on the economic contribution of the copyright industries has confirmed the importance of copyright-based industries in overall economic performance. On average they contribute 5.4% to GDP and 5.9% to national employment. Press and literature represents 40.46% of the copyright industries' contribution to the GDP.
http://ifrro.org/content/copyright-creativity-jobs-and-economic-growth

Intellectual property is Europe's biggest Asset - Kerstin Jorna

Kerstin Jorna Director of Intellectual Property , Internal Market and Services DG gives her views on the Economic Value of Copyright: Intellectual Property is Europe's biggest asset.
Kerstin Jorna's statement to the European Group on the Economic Value of Copyright

Intellectual Property Rights: study indicates that roughly 35% of jobs in the EU rely on IPR-intensive industries

Benoît Battistelli, President of the European Patent Office (EPO): "This report shows that the benefit of patents and other IPRs is not just economic theory". António Campinos, President of the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM): "IPR-related industries matter to jobs, GDP and trade in the EU. They matter a lot."
Statements by the Presidents of OHIM and EPO - António Campinos and Benoît Battistelli – in the Foreword to European Patent Office (EPO) and the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM)

 

Least Developed Countries

IFRRO Recommendation on the Empowerment of the Creative Sector in Development Countries and Territories

The IFRRO Recommendation (October 2008) on the Empowerment of the Creative Sector in Development Countries and Territories called on Governments, including Governments of developing countries, to include respect for copyright and creativity as a development and recommended that IFRRO members grant preferential access to their own repertoire when entering into agreements with Reproduction Rights Organisations (RROs) situated in Eligible Development Countries and Territories (EDTCs).
http://ifrro.org/issues_list/644

 

Copyright Enforcement; Piracy

IFRRO positions on Enforcement and Compliancy

The IFRRO Statement on Piracy (April 2005) declares that the role of Reproduction Rights Organisations (RROs) is to encourage respect for copyright, and to fight piracy, through awareness raising, licensing, and assisting in the enforcement of intellectual property rights worldwide. It notes that copyright industries contribute significantly to economic growth and cultural independence, that unauthorised reproduction is a threat to copyright industries and that combating piracy requires adequate protection.
http://ifrro.org/issues_list/518

IFRRO Open Letter on the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)

In an open letter, IFRRO aims at bringing clarity to some of the important questions and concerns raised in the recent debate on the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) by referring to specifically expressed objectives and expected results of ACTA.
http://ifrro.org/content/ifrro-open-letter-anti-counterfeiting-trade-agreement-acta

EU Commission releases Action Plan on IPR enforcement (July 2014)

On 1 July 2014, the European Commission adopted a Communication on an EU Action Plan aiming at renewing the consensus on the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Rather than penalising the citizen for infringing – often unknowingly – IP rights, the actions set out in the Action Plan pave the way towards a "follow the money approach", seeking to deprive commercial scale infringers of the revenue flows that draw them into such activities.
http://ifrro.org/content/eu-commission-releases-action-plan-ipr-enforcement

The Creative Cost of Piracy

The Innovation Files examines the proposition that weak IP protections will lead to less intellectual property creation and concludes that robust IP protections advance the invention, entrepreneurship, and creative spirit needed to create real growth.
http://www.innovationfiles.org/the-creative-cost-of-piracy/

 

Traditional Cultural Expressions (TCE); Traditional Knowledge (TK); Folklore

IFRRO statements on TCE and TK adopted October 2008 and October 2000

IFRRO statements on Traditional Knowledge (TK) and Traditional Cultural Expressions (TCE). Adopted at the AGM, October, 2008 (Montego Bay, Jamaica) and statements on TK of October 2000.
http://ifrro.org/issues_list/646

 

 Copyright Legislation Reviews; Exceptions and Limitations

Speech by European Commission Vice-President Neelie Kroes - Our single market is crying out for copyright reform

A sound copyright system needs to promote creativity and innovation, remunerate and reward creators and enable a digital single market. The digital single market needs copyright reform.
Speech by Vice-President Neelie Kroes

IFRRO open letter to European Commission Vice President Kroes following her speech

The open letter mentions the consequences to authors and publishers of the recent changes in the Canadian copyright legislation and suggests that the Canadian example is not one to follow for those who want to develop the future digital environment and economy.
IFRRO letter to Neelie Kroes

Open letter to EU on Exceptions and Limitations from 22 Rights Organisations

The letter calls on European Union and its Member States to join them in requesting that WIPO's Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) clarifies its mandate before committing to any further work with regard to copyright limitations and exceptions.
Statement on Copyright from 22 Rights Organisations

EU study: Collective Management weakens case for Exceptions and Limitations

The European Commission 2014 study on Assessing the economic impacts of adapting certain limitations and exceptions to copyright and related rights in the EU reconfirms that "a collective licensing system weakens the case for exceptions as it reduces transaction costs and thus the risk of a market failure."
http://ifrro.org/content/eu-study-collective-management-weakens-case-exceptions-and-limitations

Widening educational exceptions would act as disincentive to development of educational material - UK report

An economic impact analysis undertaken by PwC has raised fears that proposed changes to educational exceptions will jeopardise the provision of educational material in return for negligible cost savings for content users.
http://ifrro.org/content/widening-educational-exceptions-would-act-disincentive-development-educational-material-acco

 

Text and Image Sector

IFRRO, IAF and IPA support the Indian Reproduction Rights Organisation (IRRO)

In an article published in the Hindu, IFRRO, IAF and IP state that copyright assures the supply of quality educational material worldwide. The world and India need well-educated graduates and university students need access to high quality educational material. Students often need to copy pages and chapters easily, quickly, inexpensively and legally but their copying activity must not cut off future Indian students from a steady stream of great educational content: today's graduates are tomorrow's authors and publishers.
http://ifrro.org/content/ifrro-iaf-and-ipa-support-irro-article-hindu

 

Rights Administration


EU 'Licences for Europe': Toolkit for licensing, including micro licensing in text and image works

A toolkit for licensing has been developed within the framework of the European Commission initiative Licences for Europe in its Working Group on UGC and Licensing for small-scale users of protected material (WG2). This document brings together, for the first time, a range of licensing solutions, which were presented or explained in the context of the Licences for Europe framework
http://ifrro.org/content/eu-%E2%80%98licences-europe%E2%80%99-toolkit-licensing-including-micro-licensing-text-and-image-works

 

Document delivery

IFRRO Principles for International Document Delivery

IFRRO Principles for International Document Delivery. As adopted at the IFRRO AGM, in Singapore, October 2004.
See file

 

Open Access

IFRRO statement on Open Access - June 2005

The IFRRO Board adopts statement on Open Access - June 2005.
See file

 

Copyright Levies

IFRRO European Group Statement on the CJEU ruling in the Padawan case 

The IFRRO European Group meeting has adopted a statement on the decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the so-called Padawan case.
http://www.ifrro.org/sites/default/files/ifrro_statement_padawan_case_2.pdf

IFRRO/WIPO International Survey on Text and Image Copyright Levies

IFRRO has published with WIPO a joint study on Text and Image based Copyright Levies. It is the first comprehensive and detailed study of text and image levies (TI levies) world-wide. It analyzes the origins, scope and current use of these levies around the world, their role in ensuring easy legal access to copyright material, and shows how and why TI levies are different from audio and audio-visual private copying levies. The aim is to provide transparent information on the administration of the levy system with regard to authors, publishers, users of copyright works, manufacturers, importers, and other stakeholders.
http://www.ifrro.org/sites/default/files/levies_2014_online.pdf

IFRRO position on the Vitorino report 

IFRRO comments on António Vitorino's recommendations resulting from the mediation on private copying and reprographic levies.
See file: ifrro_comments_vitorinoreport_april2013.pdf

IFRRO co-signs letter with respect to Spain's private copying scheme

Organisations representing European authors, composers, performers, publishers of books and other print media, and producers in the audio and audiovisual sectors, have written a joint letter to the European Commission drawing attention to Spain's copyright laws, and specifically to its rules on private copying introduced in 2012. The joint letter highlights that Spain's rules on private copying constitute a major setback for copyright holders, whose revenues from private copying have plummeted since 2012.
http://ifrro.org/content/ifrro-co-signs-letter-respect-spain%E2%80%99s-private-copying-scheme

IFRRO/WIPO study on Text and Image based Copyright Levies published

IFRRO has published with WIPO a joint study on Text and Image based Copyright Levies. It is the first comprehensive and detailed study of text and image levies (TI levies) world-wide. It analyzes the origins, scope and current use of these levies around the world, their role in ensuring easy legal access to copyright material, and shows how and why TI levies are different from audio and audio-visual private copying levies. The aim is to provide transparent information on the administration of the levy system with regard to authors, publishers, users of copyright works, manufacturers, importers, and other stakeholders.
http://ifrro.org/content/ifrrowipo-study-text-and-image-based-copyright-levies-published

 

Making available Cultural Heritage

IFRRO submission on Out of Print Works, to EU Reflection Group

In a written submission, on the invitation of the Reflection Group of the European Commission on Boosting cultural Heritage online in Europe set up by Commissioners Neelie Kroes and Androulla Vassiliou, the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFRRO) recommends some basic guidelines aimed at facilitating the licensing Out of Print Works (OPW). There are lots of reasons why a work may not be in stock or available in tangible copies. One shouldn't therefore automatically conclude either that the rightholders do not intend to commercialise it or that, even if they don't, that they could have no objections to copies being made available. The key is to respect the author's and publisher's wishes on whether or not his work should be exploited commercially and to seek an appropriate license.
http://ifrro.org/issues_list/1518

 

Collective Management

Guide to distribution of revenues

IFRRO's Quick Guide to Distribution of Copyright Revenue in the Text and Image Based Sector shows how RROs demonstrate transparency, accountability, good governance, efficiency and due diligence in their distribution schemes and lists examples of best practices from around the globe.
http://ifrro.org/content/ifrro-publishes-guide-distribution-copyright-revenue

 

IFRRO Statements

IFRRO position papers divided by region and topic.
http://www.ifrro.org/content/position-papers