International Copyright Legislation


1. The TRIPS Agreement  (World Trade Organization)

The TRIPS Agreement, which came into effect on 1 January 1995, is a comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property. It covers copyright and related rights, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial design, patents and undisclosed information including trade secrets and test data.

2. Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (World Intellectual Property Organization)

The Berne Convention requires its signatories to recognize the copyright of works of authors from other signatory countries (known as members of the Berne Union) in the same way as it recognizes the copyright of its own nationals.

3. WIPO Copyright Treaty (World Intellectual Property Organization)

Adopted in 1996, it provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information technology since the formation of previous copyright treaties before it.

4. Universal Copyright Convention

The UCC was adopted in1952, as one of the two principal international conventions protectingcopyright. It was developed as an alternative to theBerne Conventionfor states which disagreed with aspects of the Berne Convention, but still wished to participate in some form of multilateral copyright protection.

NB: Since almost all countries are either members or aspiring members of theWTO, and are thus conforming to TRIPS Agreement, the UCC has lost significance.